Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Modelling large solar proton events with the shock-and-particle model: Extraction of the characteristics of the MHD shock front at the cobpoint
Author: Pomoell, Jens
Aran i Sensat, Maria dels Àngels
Jacobs, Carla
Rodríguez Gasén, Rosa
Poedts, Stefaan
Sanahuja i Parera, Blai
Keywords: Vent solar
Partícules (Matèria)
Solar wind
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: EDP Sciences
Abstract: We have developed a new version of a model that combines a two-dimensional Sun-to-Earth magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulation of the propagation of a CME-driven shock and a simulation of the transport of particles along the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) line connecting the shock front and the observer. We assume that the shock-accelerated particles are injected at the point along the shock front that intersects this IMF line, i.e. at the cobpoint. Novel features of the model are an improved solar wind model and an enhanced fully automated algorithm to extract the necessary plasma characteristics from the shock simulation. In this work, the new algorithms have been employed to simulate the 2000 April 4 and the 2006 December 13 SEP events. In addition to quantifying the performance of the new model with respect to results obtained using previous versions of the shock-and-particle model, we investigate the semi-empirical relation between the injection rate of shock-accelerated particles, Q, and the jump in speed across the shock, VR, known as the Q(VR) relation. Our results show that while the magnetic field and density compression at the shock front is markedly different than in our previous modeling, the evolution of VR remains largely similar. As a result, we confirm that a simple relation can still be established between Q and VR, which enables the computation of synthetic intensity-time profiles at any location in interplanetary space. Furthermore, the new shock extraction tool is found to yield improved results being in general more robust. These results are important not only with regard to efforts to develop coupled magnetohydrodynamic and particle simulation models, but also to improve space weather related software tools that aim to predict the peak intensities, fluences and proton intensity-time profiles of SEP events (such as the SOLPENCO tool).
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate, 2015, vol. 5, num. A12, p. 1-20
Related resource:
ISSN: 2115-7251
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Física Quàntica i Astrofísica)
Articles publicats en revistes (Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB))

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
659639.pdf4.05 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons