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Title: Which individuals are at increased risk of pneumococcal disease and why? Impact of COPD, asthma, smoking, diabetes, and/or chronic heart disease on community-acquired pneumonia and invasive pneumococcal disease
Author: Torres Martí, Antoni
Blasi, Francesco
Dartois, Nathalie
Akova, Murat
Keywords: Pneumònia adquirida a la comunitat
Infeccions per pneumococs
Malalties pulmonars obstructives cròniques
Malalties del cor
Community-acquired pneumonia
Pneumococcal Infections
Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases
Heart diseases
Issue Date: 28-Jul-2015
Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group
Abstract: Pneumococcal disease (including community-acquired pneumonia and invasive pneumococcal disease) poses a burden to the community all year round, especially in those with chronic underlying conditions. Individuals with COPD, asthma or who smoke, and those with chronic heart disease or diabetes mellitus have been shown to be at increased risk of pneumococcal disease compared with those without these risk factors. These conditions, and smoking, can also adversely affect patient outcomes, including short-term and long-term mortality rates, following pneumonia. Community-acquired pneumonia, and in particular pneumococcal pneumonia, is associated with a significant economic burden, especially in those who are hospitalised, and also has an impact on a patient's quality of life. Therefore, physicians should target individuals with COPD, asthma, heart disease or diabetes mellitus, and those who smoke, for pneumococcal vaccination at the earliest opportunity at any time of the year.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Thorax, 2015, vol. 70, num. 10, p. 984-989
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ISSN: 0040-6376
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Medicina)

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