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Title: Low Physical Activity and Its Association with Diabetes and Other Cardiovascular Risk Factors: A Nationwide, Population-Based Study
Author: Brugnara, Laura
Murillo, Serafín
Novials, Anna
Rojo-Martínez, Gemma
Soriguer, Federico
Goday Arnó, Albert
Calle-Pascual, Alfonso
Castaño, Luis
Gaztambide, Sonia
Valdés, Sergio
Franch Nadal, Josep
Castell, Conxa
Vendrell, Joan
Casamitjana i Abellà, Roser
Bosch Comas, Anna
Bordiú, Elena
Carmena, Rafael
Catalá, Miguel
Delgado, Elias
Girbés, Juan
López-Alba, Alfonso
Martínez-Larrad, Maria Teresa
Menéndez, Edelmiro
Mora-Peces, Inmaculada
Pascual-Manich, Gemma
Serrano-Ríos, Manuel
Gomis, Ramon, 1946-
Ortega, Emilio
Keywords: Condició física
Malalties cardiovasculars
Metabolisme dels lípids
Physical fitness
Cardiovascular diseases
Lipid metabolism
Issue Date: 17-Aug-2016
Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Abstract: Low physical activity (PA), or sedentary lifestyle, is associated with the development of several chronic diseases. We aimed to investigate current prevalence of sedentariness and its association with diabetes and other cardiovascular risk factors. PA was evaluated in a population-based, cross-sectional, randomly sampled study conducted in 2009-2010 in Spain. International Physical Activity Questionnaire (SF-IPAQ) was used to assess PA. 4991 individuals (median age 50 years, 57% women) were studied. Prevalence of sedentariness was 32.3% for men and 39% for women (p < 0.0001). Sex differences were particularly notable (age*sex interaction, p = 0.0024) at early and older ages. Sedentary individuals had higher BMI (28 vs. 27 kg/m2) and obesity prevalence (37 vs. 26%). Low PA was present in 44, 43, and 38% of individuals with known diabetes (KDM), prediabetes/unknown-diabetes (PREDM/UKDM), and normal glucose regulation (p = 0.0014), respectively. No difference between KDM and PREDM/UKDM (p = 0.72) was found. Variables independently associated (p < 0.05) with sedentariness were age, sex, BMI, central obesity, Mediterranean diet adherence, smoking habit, HDL-cholesterol, triglycerides and dyslipidemia. Low PA is on the rise in Spain, especially among women. Sedentariness is associated with several cardiovascular risk factors and may be responsible for the increasing prevalence of obesity and diabetes in this country.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: PLoS One, 2016, vol. 11, num. 8, p. e0160959
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ISSN: 1932-6203
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Medicina)
Articles publicats en revistes (IDIBAPS: Institut d'investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer)

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