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Title: New Assays to Characterise Growth-Related Phenotypes of Plasmodium falciparum Reveal Variation in Density-Dependent Growth Inhibition between Parasite Lines
Author: Rovira Graells, Núria
Aguilera Simón, Sara
Tintío Font, Elisabet
Cortés, Alfred
Keywords: Malalties parasitàries
Plasmodium falciparum
Parasitic diseases
Plasmodium falciparum
Issue Date: 25-Oct-2016
Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Abstract: The growth phenotype of asexual blood stage malaria parasites can influence their virulence and also their ability to survive and achieve transmission to the next host, but there are few methods available to characterise parasite growth parameters in detail. We developed a new assay to measure growth rates at different starting parasitaemias in a 96-well format and applied it to characterise the growth of Plasmodium falciparum lines 3D7-A and 3D7-B, previously shown to have different invasion rates and to use different invasion pathways. Using this simple and accurate assay we found that 3D7-B is more sensitive to high initial parasitaemia than 3D7-A. This result indicates that different parasite lines show variation in their levels of density-dependent growth inhibition. We also developed a new assay to compare the duration of the asexual blood cycle between different parasite lines. The assay is based on the tight synchronisation of cultures to a 1 h parasite age window and the subsequent monitoring of schizont bursting and formation of new rings by flow cytometry. Using this assay we observed differences in the duration of the asexual blood cycle between parasite lines 3D7 and HB3. These two new assays will be useful to characterise variation in growth-related parameters and to identify growth phenotypes associated with the targeted deletion of specific genes or with particular genomic, transcriptomic or proteomic patterns. Furthermore, the identification of density-dependent growth inhibition as an intrinsic parasite property that varies between parasite lines expands the repertoire of measurable growth-related phenotypic traits that have the potential to influence the outcome of a malarial blood infection.
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It is part of: PLoS One, 2016, vol. 11, num. 10, p. e0165358
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ISSN: 1932-6203
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (ISGlobal)

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