Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/104176
Title: Current status of Leishmaniosis in the Balearic Islands
Author: Alcover Amengual, Maria Magdalena
Ballart Ferrer, J. Cristina
Serra, Teresa
Portús Vinyeta, Montserrat
Gállego Culleré, M. (Montserrat)
Keywords: Leishmaniosi
Illes Balears
Leishmaniasis
Balearic Islands
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Research Signpost
Abstract: Data on leishmaniosis and its vectors (sand flies) in the Balearic Islands are scarce and restricted mainly to Majorca. According to the official data, the overall rate of human leishmaniosis (HL) is 0.7-3.5 cases per year/100,000 inhabitants (for the period 2001-2015), and the reported prevalence of canine leishmaniosis (CanL) varies between 0 and 45%, depending on the island and the dog population tested. In the present study, we investigated the sand fly fauna and current status of CanL in the Balearic Islands. Four sand fly species were captured: Phlebotomus perniciosus, a known vector in the Mediterranean area, P. sergenti, P. papatasi and Sergentomyia minuta. P. perniciosus was found throughout the island of Majorca, from sea level to the mountains, being detected in 70% of the capture sites and with a density of 6.7 specimens/m2. The global density of P. perniciosus in Minorca was of 3.4 specimens/m2, which constitutes a significant decrease compared to the results of a previous study performed 20 years ago. The influence of environmental factors on the presence or density of P. perniciosus differed according to the physiography of the area studied. A standard questionnaire sent to the local veterinarians in the Balearic Islands revealed that 73.8% of veterinarians had confirmed CanL cases in the previous 12 months and thought the disease was increasing in Minorca. The global seroprevalence of CanL in Minorca was 24%, being 31% among animals who had never left the island, which shows the existence of an autochthonous focus of CanL unrelated with an increasing vector density.
Note: Podeu consultar el llibre complet a: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/103042
Note: Reproducció del capítol del llibre publicat a: http://www.trnres.com/ebookcontents.php?id=267
It is part of: Recent Advances in Pharmaceutical Sciences VI, 2016, Research Signpost. Editors: Diego Muñoz Torrero, Àngela Domínguez García & Ma. Ángeles Manresa Presas. ISBN: 978-81-308-0566-5. Chapter 11, p. 189-211.
Related resource: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/103042
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/104176
Appears in Collections:Llibres / Capítols de llibre (Biologia, Sanitat i Medi Ambient)

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