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Title: Effect of common drinking water disinfectants, chlorine and heat, on free legionella and amoebae-associated legionella
Author: Cervero Aragó, Sílvia
Rodríguez Martínez, Sarah
Puertas Bennasar, Antoni
Araujo Boira, Rosa Ma.
Keywords: Explotació de recursos hidràulics
Depuració de l'aigua
Water resources development
Water purification
Issue Date: 4-Aug-2015
Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Abstract: Chlorine and thermal treatments are the most commonly used procedures to control and prevent Legionella proliferation in drinking water systems of large buildings. However, cases of legionellosis still occur in facilities with treated water. The purpose of this work was to model the effect of temperature and free chlorine applied in similar exposure condi- tions as in drinking water systems on five Legionella spp. strains and two amoebal strains of the genera Acanthamoeba . Inactivation models obtained were used to determine the effec- tiveness of the treatments applied which resulted more effective against Legionella than Acanthamoeba , especially those in cystic stages. Furthermore, to determine the influence of the relationship between L . pneumophila and Acanthamoeba spp. on the treatment effec- tiveness, inactivation models of the bacteria-associated amoeba were also constructed and compared to the models obtained for the free living bacteria state. The Legionella -amoeba association did not change the inactivation models, but it reduced the effectiveness of the treatments applied. Remarkably, at the lowest free chlorine concentration, 0.5 mg L -1 ,as well as at the lowest temperatures, 50°C and 55°C, the influence of the Legionella -amoeba associate state was the strongest in reducing the effectiveness of the treatments compared to the free Legionella state. Therefore, the association established between L . pneumophila and amoebae in the water systems indicate an increased health risk in proximal areas of the system (close to the tap) where lower free chlorine concentrations and lower tempera- tures are commonly observed.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: PLoS One, 2015, vol. 10, num. 8, p. e0134726
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ISSN: 1932-6203
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Genètica, Microbiologia i Estadística)

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