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Title: The Responses of medical general practitioners to unreasonable patient demand for antibiotics - A study of medical ethics using immersive virtual reality
Author: Pan, Xueni
Slater, Mel
Beacco, Alejandro
Navarro, X. (Xavier)
Bellido Rivas, Anna Isabel
Swapp, David
Hale, Joanna
George Forbes, Paul Alexander
Denvir, Catrina
Hamilton, Antonia F. de C.
Delacroix, Sylvie
Keywords: Ètica mèdica
Relacions metge-pacient
Realitat virtual
Medical ethics
Physician-patient relationships
Virtual reality
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Abstract: Background Dealing with insistent patient demand for antibiotics is an all too common part of a General Practitioner's daily routine. This study explores the extent to which portable Immersive Vir- tual Reality technology can help us gain an accurate understanding of the factors that influence a doctor's response to the ethical challenge underlying such tenacious requests for antibiotics (given the threat posed by growing anti-bacterial resistance worldwide). It also considers the potential of such technology to train doctors to face such dilemmas. Experiment Twelve experienced GPs and nine trainees were confronted with an increasingly angry demand by a woman to prescribe antibiotics to her mother in the face of inconclusive evidence that such antibiotic prescription is necessary. The daughter and mother were virtual characters displayed in immersive virtual reality. The specific purposes of the study were twofold: first, whether experienced GPs would be more resistant to patient demands than the trainees, and second, to investigate whether medical doctors would take the virtual situation seriously. Results Eight out of the 9 trainees prescribed the antibiotics, whereas 7 out of the 12 GPs did so. On the basis of a Bayesian analysis, these results yield reasonable statistical evidence in favor of the notion that experienced GPs are more likely to withstand the pressure to prescribe antibiotics than trainee doctors, thus answering our first question positively. As for the second question, a post experience questionnaire assessing the participants' level of presence (together with participants' feedback and body language) suggested that overall participants did tend towards the illusion of being in the consultation room depicted in the virtual reality and that the virtual consultation taking place was really happening.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: PLoS One, 2016, vol. 11, num. 2, p. e0146837
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ISSN: 1932-6203
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Psicologia Clínica i Psicobiologia)

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