Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/104902
Title: The animal model determines the results on Aeromonas virulence factors.
Author: Saraceni, P.R.
Romero, A.
Merino, S.
Figueras, A.
Tomàs Magaña, Juan
Novoa, B.
Keywords: Bacteris patògens
Larves
Peix zebra
Ratolins (Animals de laboratori)
Pathogenic bacteria
Larvae
Zebra danio
Mice (Laboratory animals)
Issue Date: 4-Oct-2016
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Abstract: The selection of an experimental animal model is of great importance in the study of bacterial virulence factors. Here, a bath infection of zebrafish larvae is proposed as an alternative model to study the virulence factors of Aeromonas hydrophila. Intraperitoneal infections in mice and trout were compared with bath infections in zebrafish larvae using specific mutants. The great advantage of this model is that bath immersion mimics the natural route of infection, and injury to the tail also provides a natural portal of entry for the bacteria. The implication of T3SS in the virulence of A. hydrophila was analyzed using the AH-1::aopB mutant. This mutant was less virulent than the wild-type strain when inoculated into zebrafish larvae, as described in other vertebrates. However, the zebrafish model exhibited slight differences in mortality kinetics only observed using invertebrate models. Infections using the mutant AH-11vapA lacking the gene coding for the surface S-layer suggested that this protein was not totally necessary to the bacteria once it was inside the host, but it contributed to the inflammatory response. Only when healthy zebrafish larvae were infected did the mutant produce less mortality than the wild-type. Variations between models were evidenced using the AH-11rmlB, which lacks the O-antigen lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and the AH-11wahD, which lacks the O-antigen LPS and part of the LPS outer-core. Both mutants showed decreased mortality in all of the animal models, but the differences between them were only observed in injured zebrafish larvae, suggesting that residues from the LPS outer core must be important for virulence. The greatest differences were observed using the AH- 11FlaB-J (lacking polar flagella and unable to swim) and the AH-1::motX (non-motile but producing flagella). They were as pathogenic as the wild-type strain when injected into mice and trout, but no mortalities were registered in zebrafish larvae. This study demonstrates that zebrafish larvae can be used as a host model to assess the virulence factors of A. hydrophila. This model revealed more differences in pathogenicity than the in vitro models and enabled the detection of slight variations in pathogenesis not observed using intraperitoneal injections of mice or fish.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a: https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2016.01574
It is part of: Frontiers in Microbiology, 2016, vol. 7, p. 1574
Related resource: https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2016.01574
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/104902
ISSN: 1664-302X
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Genètica, Microbiologia i Estadística)

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