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Title: Echocardiography in the evaluation of athletes
Author: Grazioli, Gonzalo
Sanz, Maria
Montserrat, Silvia
Vidal, Bàrbara
Sitges Carreño, Marta
Keywords: Ecocardiografia
Diagnòstic per la imatge
Diagnostic imaging
Track and field athletes
Issue Date: 15-Jun-2015
Publisher: F1000 Research Ltd.
Abstract: Echocardiography is currently a widely available imaging technique that can provide useful data in the field of sports cardiology particularly in two areas: pre-participation screening and analysis of the cardiac adaptation induced by exercise. The application of pre-participation screening and especially, the type and number of used diagnostic tests remains controversial. Echocardiography has shown though, higher sensitivity and specificity as compared to the ECG, following a protocol adapted to athletes focused on ruling out the causes of sudden death and the most common disorders in this population. It is still a subject of controversy the actual cost of adding it, but depending on the type of sport, echocardiography might be cost-effective if added in the first line of examination. Regarding the evaluation of cardiac adaptation to training in athletes, echocardiography has proved to be useful in the differential diagnosis of diseases that can cause sudden death, analysing both the left ventricle (hypertrophy cardiomyopathy, dilated cardiomyopathy, left ventricle non compaction) and the right ventricle (arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy). The aim of this paper is to review the current knowledge and the clinical practical implications of it on the field of echocardiography when applied in sport cardiology areas.
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It is part of: F1000Research, 2015, vol. 4, num. 151
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ISSN: 2046-1402
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Medicina)

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