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Title: Cosmic explosions, life in the universe, and the cosmological constant
Author: Piran, Tsvi, 1949-
Jiménez, Raúl (Jiménez Tellado)
Cuesta, Antonio J.
Simpson, Fergus
Verde, Licia
Keywords: Esclat de raigs gamma
Expansió de l'univers
Gamma ray bursts
Expanding universe
Issue Date: 26-Feb-2016
Publisher: American Physical Society
Abstract: Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are copious sources of gamma rays whose interaction with a planetary atmosphere can pose a threat to complex life. Using recent determinations of their rate and probability of causing massive extinction, we explore what types of universes are most likely to harbor advanced forms of life. We use cosmological N -body simulations to determine at what time and for what value of the cosmological constant (Λ) the chances of life being unaffected by cosmic explosions are maximized. Life survival to GRBs favors Lambda-dominated universes. Within a cold dark matter model with a cosmological constant, the likelihood of life survival to GRBs is governed by the value of Λ and the age of the Universe. We find that we seem to live in a favorable point in this parameter space that minimizes the exposure to cosmic explosions, yet maximizes the number of main sequence (hydrogen-burning) stars around which advanced life forms can exist.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Physical Review Letters, 2016, vol. 116, num. 081301, p. 1-5
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ISSN: 0031-9007
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Física Quàntica i Astrofísica)

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