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Title: Gender differences in test anxiety and their impact on higher education students' academic achievement
Author: Núñez Peña, María Isabel
Suárez Pellicioni, Macarena
Bono Cabré, Roser
Keywords: Gènere
Estudiants universitaris
Rendiment acadèmic
Educació superior
College students
Academic achievement
Higher education
Issue Date: 5-Aug-2016
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Test anxiety has detrimental effects on the academic performance of many university students. Moreover, female students usually report higher levels of test anxiety than do their male peers. The present study examined gender differences in test, trait, and math anxiety among university students, as well as differences in their academic achievement. Participants were 168 students from the University of Barcelona, all of whom completed measures of test anxiety, math anxiety, and trait anxiety. They were also asked about their expected level of anxiety when faced with four specific test situations: multiple-choice, open-question, oral presentation, and an exam involving calculations. At the end of the course in which they were enrolled, students were assessed through a multiple-choice and an open-question exam. Compared with their male counterparts, female students reported higher levels of test, math, and trait anxiety, as well as greater expected anxiety in three of the four test situations considered. However, females did not show lower academic achievement than male students in either the open-question or the multiple-choice exams. These results are discussed in terms of gender differences in socialization patterns and coping styles.
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It is part of: Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2016, vol. 228, p. 154-160
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ISSN: 1877-0428
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Psicologia Social i Psicologia Quantitativa)

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