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Title: Long-Term Macroevaluation of Environmental Enrichment in Three Brown Bears (Ursus arctos) at Barcelona Zoo.
Author: Soriano, A.I.
Vinyoles Cartanyà, Dolors
Maté García, Carmen
Keywords: Óssos (Mamífers)
Parcs zoològics
Barcelona (Catalunya : Àrea metropolitana)
Animal behavior
Barcelona (Catalonia : Metropolitan area)
Issue Date: 28-Dec-2015
Publisher: Taylor and Francis
Abstract: The evaluation of enrichment programs is important to determine their effect on nonhuman animal welfare. The daily activity pattern and use of space of 3 brown bears (Ursus arctos) were used for long-term macroevaluation of enrichment to compare the baseline and enrichment phases. Focal sampling methods were used for data collection, and instantaneous scans were made at 2-min intervals during 15 sessions of 1 hr for each animal during the 2 study periods. The enrichment devices were categorized as feeding, occupational, and sensorial. The long-term macroevaluation in 3 bears showed statistically significant differences in some types of activity but not in others. There were also statistically significant differences for the use of space in 4 of the 8 zones in which the enclosures were divided. A more homogenous pattern in the use of space was only observed during the enrichment phase in the old female. The 3 brown bears followed different patterns concerning the enrichment program.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, 2015, vol. 19, num. 1, p. 49-61
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ISSN: 1088-8705
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Biologia Evolutiva, Ecologia i Ciències Ambientals)

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