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Title: Novel use of cranial epidural space in rabbits as an animal model to investigate bone volume augmentation potent
Author: Valdivia Gandur, Ivan
Engelke, Wilfried
Beltrán, Víctor
Borie, Eduardo
Fuentes, Ramón
Manzanares Céspedes, María Cristina
Keywords: Crani
Creixement dels ossos
Materials biomèdics
Models animals en la investigació
Bones growth
Biomedical materials
Animal models in research
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2016
Publisher: BioMed Central
Abstract: Background: the success of bone augmentation to a major degree depends on the biomechanics and biological conditions of the surrounding tissues. Therefore, an animal model is needed providing anatomical sites with similar mechanical pressures for comparing its influence on different biomaterials for bone regeneration. The present report describes the new bone formation associated to biomaterial in a bursa created in the epidural space, between dura mater and cranial calvaria, under the constant pressure of cerebrospinal fluid. Methods: five adult California rabbits were used for the trial. In each animal, two bursae were created in the epidural spaces, in the anterior part of the skull, below both sides of the interfrontal suture. The spaces between dura mater and cranial calvaria were filled with in-situ hardening biphasic calcium phosphate containing hydroxyapatite and beta tricalcium-phosphate (BCP), in-situ hardening phase-pure beta-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) or without any biomaterials (sham). After 90 days, the animals were sacrificed, and the defect sites were extracted and processed for histomorphometric analysis by optical and backscattered electron microscopy. Results: the cranial epidural spaces created (n = 10) could be preserved by the application both BCP (n = 3) and β-TCP biomaterials (n = 3) in all experimental sites. The sites augmented with BCP showed less new bone formation but a trend to better volume preservation than the sites augmented with β-TCP. However, the bone in the BCP sites seemed to be more mature as indicated by the higher percentage of lamellar bone in the sites. In contrast, the created space could not be preserved, and new bone formation was scarce in the sham-operated sites (n = 4). Conclusion: the experimental bursae created bilaterally in the epidural space allows comparing objectively bone formation in relation to biomaterials for bone regeneration under permanent physiological forces from cerebrospinal fluid pressure.
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It is part of: Head & Face Medicine, 2016, vol. 12, p. 35
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ISSN: 1746-160X
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Patologia i Terapèutica Experimental)

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