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Title: Correlates of Non-suicidal Self-Injury and Suicide Attempts in Bulimic Spectrum Disorders
Author: Gómez-Expósito, Alexandra
Wolz, Ines
Fagundo, Ana Beatriz
Granero, Roser
Steward, Trevor
Jiménez-Murcia, Susana
Agüera, Zaida
Fernández Aranda, Fernando
Keywords: Suïcidi
Conducta suïcida
Correlació (Estadística)
Ferides i lesions
Trastorns de la conducta alimentària
Trastorns de la personalitat
Trastorns de la conducta
Suicidal behavior
Correlation (Statistics)
Wounds and injuries
Eating disorders
Personality disorders
Behavior disorders
Issue Date: 22-Aug-2016
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Abstract: Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the implication of personality, impulsivity, and emotion regulation difficulties in patients with a bulimic-spectrum disorder (BSD) and suicide attempts (SA), BSD patients with non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), and BSD patients without these behaviors. Method: One hundred and twenty-two female adult BSD patients were assessed using self-report questionnaires. Patients were clustered post-hoc into three groups depending on whether they presented BSD without NSSI or SA (BSD), BSD with lifetime NSSI (BSD + NSSI) or BSD with lifetime SA (BSD + SA). Results: The BSD + NSSI and BSD + SA groups presented more emotion regulation difficulties, more eating and general psychopathology, and increased reward dependence in comparison with the BSD group. In addition, BSD + SA patients specifically showed problems with impulse control, while also presenting higher impulsivity than both the BSD and BSD + NSSI groups. No differences in impulsivity between the BSD and BSD + NSSI groups were found. Conclusions: The results show that BSD + NSSI and BSD + SA share a common profile characterized by difficulties in emotion regulation and low reward dependence, but differ in impulsivity and cooperativeness. This suggests that self-injury, in patients without a history of suicide attempts (i.e., BSD + NSSI), may have a regulatory role rather than being due to impulsivity.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Frontiers in Psychology, 2016, vol. 7, p. 1244
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ISSN: 1664-1078
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))
Articles publicats en revistes (Ciències Clíniques)

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