Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/108942
Title: Zinc Transporter-1 Concentrates at the Postsynaptic Density of Hippocampal Synapses
Author: Sindreu Balet, Carlos
Bayes, Àlex
Altafaj, Xavier
Pérez Clausell, Jeús
Keywords: Zinc
Sinapsi
Neurotransmissors
Rates (Animals de laboratori)
Zinc
Synapses
Neurotransmitters
Rats as laboratory animals
Issue Date: 7-Mar-2014
Publisher: BioMed Central
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Zinc concentrates at excitatory synapses, both at the postsynaptic density and in a subset of glutamatergic boutons. Zinc can modulate synaptic plasticity, memory formation and nociception by regulating transmitter receptors and signal transduction pathways. Also, intracellular zinc accumulation is a hallmark of degenerating neurons in several neurological disorders. To date, no single zinc extrusion mechanism has been directly localized to synapses. Based on the presence of a canonical PDZ I motif in the Zinc Transporter-1 protein (ZnT1), we hypothesized that ZnT1 may be targeted to synaptic compartments for local control of cytosolic zinc. Using our previously developed protocol for the co-localization of reactive zinc and synaptic proteins, we further asked if ZnT1 expression correlates with presynaptic zinc content in individual synapses. FINDINGS: Here we demonstrate that ZnT1 is a plasma membrane protein that is enriched in dendritic spines and in biochemically isolated synaptic membranes. Hippocampal CA1 synapses labelled by postembedding immunogold showed over a 5-fold increase in ZnT1 concentration at synaptic junctions compared with extrasynaptic membranes. Subsynaptic analysis revealed a peak ZnT1 density on the postsynaptic side of the synapse, < 10 nm away from the postsynaptic membrane. ZnT1 was found in the vast majority of excitatory synapses regardless of the presence of vesicular zinc in presynaptic boutons. CONCLUSIONS: Our study has identified ZnT1 as a novel postsynaptic density protein, and it may help elucidate the role of zinc homeostasis in synaptic function and disease.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a: https://doi.org/10.1186/1756-6606-7-16
It is part of: Molecular Brain, 2014, vol. 7, num. 1, p. 16-22
Related resource: https://doi.org/10.1186/1756-6606-7-16
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/108942
ISSN: 1756-6606
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))
Articles publicats en revistes (Medicina)
Articles publicats en revistes (Fonaments Clínics)

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