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Title: Placental and cord blood methylation of genes involved in energy homeostasis: association with fetal growth and neonatal body composition.
Author: Díaz, Marta
García, Cristina
Sebastiani, Giorgia
Zegher, Francis de
López-Bermejo, Abel
Ibáñez Toda, Lourdes
Keywords: Neonatologia
Genètica humana
Human genetics
Issue Date: 16-Dec-2016
Publisher: American Diabetes Association
Abstract: Low weight at birth associates with subsequent susceptibility to diabetes. Epigenetic modulation is among the mechanisms potentially mediating this association. We performed a genome-wide DNA methylation analysis in placentas from term infants born appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) or small-for-gestational-age (SGA), to identify new genes related to fetal growth and neonatal body composition. Candidate genes were validated by bisulfite pyrosequencing (30 AGA, 21 SGA) and also analyzed in cord blood. Gene expression analyses were performed by RT-PCR. Neonatal body composition was assessed by dual X-ray absorptiometry at age 2 weeks. The ATG2B, NKX6.1 and SLC13A5 genes (respectively related to autophagy, beta-cell development and function, and lipid metabolism) were hypermethylated in placenta and cord blood from SGA newborns, whereas GPR120 (related to free fatty acid regulation) was hypomethylated in placenta and hypermethylated in cord blood. Gene expression levels were opposite to methylation status, and both correlated with birth weight, with circulating IGF-I, and with total and abdominal fat at age 2 weeks. In conclusion, alterations in methylation and expression of genes involved in the regulation of energy homeostasis were found to relate to fetal growth and neonatal body composition, and may thus be among the early mechanisms modulating later susceptibility to diabetes.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Diabetes, 2016, vol. 66, num. 33, p. 779-784
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ISSN: 0012-1797
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Cirurgia i Especialitats Medicoquirúrgiques)

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