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Title: Lack of relationship between masticatory performance and nutritional status in adults with natural dentition
Author: Flores Orozco, Elan Ignacio
Tiznado-Orozco, Gaby Esthela
Osuna-González, Olga Dionicia
Amaro-Navarrete, Claudia Lucero
Rovira Lastra, Bernat
Martínez Gomis, Jordi
Keywords: Lateralitat
Dominància cerebral
Avaluació de l'estat nutricional
Pes corporal
Nutritional status measurement
Body weight
Cerebral dominance
Issue Date: 29-Jul-2016
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Abstract: Objective: This study assessed the relation among several aspects of the masticatory function and the nutritional status in adults with natural dentition. Design: One hundred adults with natural dentition participated in this cross-sectional study. They performed one free-style masticatory test consisting of five trials of 20 silicon-chewing cycles. The preferred chewing side was determined by calculating the asymmetry index. Masticatory performance was determined by sieving the silicon particles, and the cycle duration was also recorded. Weight, body water percentage, body fat mass, muscle mass and osseous mass were measured using a portable digital weighing machine. Body mass index (BMI), waist-hip ratio, skinfold thickness and the upper-arm composition were determined. The relation between masticatory function and a nutritional variable were tested using Pearson or Spearman rank correlation coefficients or using analysis of variance or the Kruskal-Wallis H-test and the Mann-Whitney Utest, as appropriate. Results: Whereas body fat percentages for women were significantly higher than for men, the body mass index was higher in men than in women. Participants who were underweight chewed more asymmetrically and more slowly than normal weight or obese participants. A negative correlation was observed between body fat percentage and masticatory laterality. No relation between masticatory performance and any nutritional status indicator was detected. Conclusion: Being underweight and having a low body fat percentage seem to be related to a masticatory lateral asymmetry and to a large cycle duration in young adults with natural dentition. Masticatory performance does not seem to be related to nutritional status.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Archives of Oral Biology, 2016, vol. 71, p. 117-121
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ISSN: 0003-9969
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))
Articles publicats en revistes (Odontostomatologia)

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