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Title: Dental casting alloys behaviour during power toothbrushing with toothpastes with various abrasivities. Part I: wear behavior
Author: Nogués Pujol, Lluís
Martínez Gomis, Jordi
Molina, C.
Peraire Ardèvol, Maria
Salsench Cabré, Juan
Sevilla, P.
Gil, F. X. (Francesc Xavier)
Keywords: Higiene dental
Higiene bucal
Corrosió i anticorrosius
Materials dentals
Dental hygiene
Oral hygiene
Corrosion and anti-corrosives
Dental materials
Issue Date: Sep-2008
Publisher: Chapman & Hall
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long term effect of abrasivity of toothpastes normally used over the surface and mechanical properties of dental casting alloys. Three dental casting alloys (Ni-Cr, Co-Cr, c.p. Ti) and one ceramic were chosen. Four specimens of each material were immersed in artificial saliva, brushed without or with one of four toothpastes of different Relative Dentine Abrasivity (RDA 50, 52, 80, and 114). An electric toothbrush with a load of 250 g was used for 420 min. Mass loss was determined by difference in weight, microhardness and surface roughness were also measured. Two-way ANOVA and non-parametric tests were used to detect significant differences. Titanium specimens (478 microg/cm(2)) exhibited the most mass loss, whereas ceramic (282 microg/cm(2)) and Co-Cr (262 microg/cm(2)) exhibited the least. However, ceramic demonstrated the most volume loss (0.239 mm(3)). The abrasivity effect of the toothpaste correlated with the RDA values. Slight variations in microhardness were observed after toothbrushing and depended on the material but not on the toothpaste used. Material surfaces were slightly smoothed by toothbrushing but no significant differences were detected. Dental casting alloys and ceramic are susceptible to abrasion by brushing with an electric toothbrush depending on the RDA value of the toothpaste. Variations in microhardness and surface roughness were not clinically relevant.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Journal of Materials Science-Materials in Medicine, 2008, vol. 19, num. 9, p. 3041-3048
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ISSN: 0957-4530
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Odontostomatologia)

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