Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Internalizing and externalizing personality and subjective effects in a sample of adolescent cannabis users
Author: García Sánchez, Sara
Matalí, Josep Lluís
Martín Fernández, María
Pardo, Marta
Lleras, María
Castellano Tejedor, Carmina
Haro Abad, Josep Maria
Keywords: Cànnabis
Pathological psychology
Issue Date: 6-Oct-2016
Publisher: Sociedad Científica Española de Estudios sobre el Alcohol, el Alcoholismo y las otras Toxicomanías
Abstract: Cannabis is the illicit substance most widely used by adolescents. Certain personality traits such as impulsivity and sensation seeking, and the subjective effects experienced after substance use (e.g. euphoria or relaxation) have been identified as some of the main etiological factors of consumption. This study aims to categorize a sample of adolescent cannabis users based on their most dominant personality traits (internalizing and externalizing profile). Then, to make a comparison of both profiles considering a set of variables related to consumption, clinical severity and subjective effects experienced. From a cross-sectional design, 173 adolescents (104 men and 69 women) aged 13 to 18 asking for treatment for cannabis use disorder in an Addictive Behavior Unit (UCAD) from the hospital were recruited. For the assessment, an ad hoc protocol was employed to register consumption, the Millon Adolescent Clinical Inventory (MACI) and the Addiction Research Center Inventory (ARCI) 49-item short form were also administered. Factor analysis suggested a two-profile solution: Introverted, Inhibited, Doleful, Dramatizing (-), Egotistic (-), Self-demeaning and Borderline tendency scales composed the internalizing profile, and Submissive (-), Unruly, Forceful, Conforming (-) and Oppositional scales composed the externalizing profile. The comparative analysis showed that the internalizing profile has higher levels of clinical severity and more subjective effects reported than the externalizing profile. These results suggest the need to design specific intervention strategies for each profile.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Adicciones, 2016, vol. 28, num. 4, p. 231-241
Related resource:
ISSN: 0214-4840
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Medicina)

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
667922.pdf195.77 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.