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Title: How useful is the EQ-5D in assessing the impact of caring for people with Alzheimer's disease?
Author: Reed, Catherine
Barrett, Annabel
Lebrec, Jeremie
Dodel, Richard
Jones, Roy W.
Vellas, Bruno
Wimo, Anders
Argimón Pallás, José M.
Bruno, Giuseppe
Haro Abad, Josep Maria
Keywords: Malaltia d'Alzheimer
Qualitat de vida
Alzheimer's disease
Quality of life
Issue Date: 21-Jan-2017
Publisher: BioMed Central
Abstract: BACKGROUND: The impact on informal caregivers of caring for people with Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia can be substantial, but it remains unclear which measures(s) best assess such impact. Our objective was to use data from the GERAS study to assess the ability of the EuroQol 5-dimension questionnaire (EQ-5D) to measure the impact on caregivers of caring for people with AD dementia and to examine correlations between EQ-5D and caregiver burden. METHODS: GERAS was a prospective, non-interventional cohort study in community-dwelling patients with AD dementia and their informal caregivers. The EQ-5D and Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI) were used to measure health-related quality of life and caregiver burden, respectively. Resource-use data collected included caregiver time spent with the patient on activities of daily living (ADL). Spearman correlations were computed between EQ-5D scores, ZBI scores, and time spent on instrumental ADL (T-IADL) at baseline, 18 months, and for 18-month change scores. T-IADL and ZBI change scores were summarized by EQ-5D domain change category (better/stable/worse). RESULTS: At baseline, 1495 caregivers had mean EQ-5D index scores of 0.86, 0.85, and 0.82, and ZBI total scores of 24.6, 29.4, and 34.1 for patients with mild, moderate, and moderately severe/severe AD dementia, respectively. Change in T-IADL showed a stronger correlation with change in ZBI (0.12; P < 0.001) than with change in EQ-5D index score (0.02; P = 0.546) although both correlations were very weak. Worsening within EQ-5D domains was associated with increases in ZBI scores, although 68%-90% of caregivers remained stable within each EQ-5D domain. There was no clear pattern for change in T-IADL by change in EQ-5D domain. CONCLUSIONS: EQ-5D may not be the optimum measure of the impact of caring for people with AD dementia due to its focus on physical health. Alternative measures need further investigation.
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It is part of: Health And Quality Of Life Outcomes, 2017, vol. 15, num. 16
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ISSN: 1477-7525
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Medicina)

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