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Title: Safety and tolerability of adjunctive rosiglitazone treatment for children with uncomplicated malaria
Author: Varo, Rosauro
Crowley, Valerie M.
Sitoe, Antonio
Madrid, Lola
Serghides, Lena
Bila, Rubao
Mucavele, Helio
Mayor Aparicio, Alfredo Gabriel
Bassat Orellana, Quique
Kain, Kevin C.
Keywords: Malària
Issue Date: 23-May-2017
Publisher: Biomed Central
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Despite the widespread use and availability of rapidly acting anti-malarials, the fatality rate of severe malaria in sub-Saharan Africa remains high. Adjunctive therapies that target the host response to malaria infection may further decrease mortality over that of anti-malarial agents alone. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma agonists (e.g. rosiglitazone) have been shown to act on several pathways implicated in the pathogenesis of severe malaria and may improve clinical outcome as an adjunctive intervention. METHODS: In this study, the safety and tolerability of adjunctive rosiglitazone in paediatric uncomplicated malaria infection was evaluated in Mozambique, as a prelude to its evaluation in a randomized controlled trial in paediatric severe malaria. The study was a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase IIa trial of rosiglitazone (0.045 mg/kg/dose) twice daily for 4 days versus placebo as adjunctive treatment in addition to Mozambican standard of care (artemisinin combination therapy Coartem(R)) in children with uncomplicated malaria. The primary outcomes were tolerability and safety, including clinical, haematological, biochemical, and electrocardiographic evaluations. RESULTS: Thirty children were enrolled: 20 were assigned to rosiglitazone and 10 to placebo. Rosiglitazone treatment did not induce hypoglycaemia nor significantly alter clinical, biochemical, haematological, or electrocardiographic parameters. CONCLUSIONS: Adjunctive rosiglitazone was safe and well-tolerated in children with uncomplicated malaria, permitting the extension of its evaluation as adjunctive therapy for severe malaria. The trial is registered with, NCT02694874.
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It is part of: Malaria Journal, 2017, vol. 16, num. 1, p. 215
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ISSN: 1475-2875
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (ISGlobal)

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