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Title: Effect of verbal task complexity in a working memory paradigm in patients with type 1 diabetes. A fMRI study.
Author: Guàrdia Olmos, Joan
Gallardo Moreno, Geisa B.
Gudayol Ferré, Esteve
Peró, Maribel
González Garrido, Andrés A.
Keywords: Psicologia cognitiva
Ressonància magnètica
Cognitive psychology
Magnetic resonance
Issue Date: 5-Jun-2017
Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Abstract: Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is commonly diagnosed in childhood and adolescence, and the developing brain has to cope with its deleterious effects. Although brain adaptation to the disease may not result in evident cognitive dysfunction, the effects of T1D on neurodevelopment could alter the pattern of BOLD fMRI activation. The aim of this study was to explore the neural BOLD activation pattern in patients with T1D versus that of healthy matched controls while performing two visuospatial working memory tasks, which included a pair of assignments administered through a block design. In the first task (condition A), the subjects were shown a trial sequence of 3 or 4 white squares positioned pseudorandomly around a fixation point on a black background. After a fixed delay, a second corresponding sequence of 3 or 4 red squares was shown that either resembled (direct, 50%) or differed from (50%) the previous stimulation order. The subjects were required to press one button if the two spatial sequences were identical or a second button if they were not. In condition B, the participants had to determine whether the second sequence of red squares appeared in inverse order (inverse, 50%) or not (50%) and respond by pressing a button. If the latter sequence followed an order distinct from the inverse sequence, the subjects were instructed to press a different button. Sixteen patients with normal IQ and without diabetes complications and 16 healthy control subjects participated in the study. In the behavioral analysis, there were no significant differences between the groups in the pure visuo-spatial task, but the patients with diabetes exhibited poorer performance in the task with verbal stimuli (p < .001). However, fMRI analyses revealed that the patients with T1D showed significantly increased activation in the prefrontal inferior cortex, subcortical regions and the cerebellum (in general p < .001). These different activation patterns could be due to adaptive compensation mechanisms that are devoted to improving efficiency while solving more complex cognitive tasks.
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It is part of: PLoS One, 2017, vol. 12, num. 6, p. e0178172
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ISSN: 1932-6203
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Psicologia Social i Psicologia Quantitativa)

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