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Title: Burning mouth syndrome and associated factors: A case-control retrospective study
Other Titles: Síndrome de boca ardiente y factores asociados: estudio retrospectivo de casos y controles
Author: Chimenos Küstner, Eduardo
Luca-Monasterios, Fiorella de
Schemel-Suárez, Mayra
Rodríguez de Rivera Campillo, Ma Eugenia
Martínez Pérez-Pérez, Alejandro
López López, José, 1958-
Keywords: Estudi de casos
Malalties de la boca
Glàndules salivals
Malalties de les glàndules salivals
Case studies
Oral medicine
Mouth diseases
Salivary glands
Salivary gland diseases
Issue Date: Feb-2017
Publisher: Elsevier España
Abstract: Background and objective: Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) can be defined as burning pain or dysesthesia on the tongue and/or other sites of the oral mucosa without a causative identifiable lesion. The discomfort is usually of daily recurrence, with a higher incidence among people aged 50 to 60 years, affecting mostly the female sex and diminishing their quality of life. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between several pathogenic factors and burning mouth syndrome. Patients and methods: 736 medical records of patients diagnosed of burning mouth syndrome and 132 medical records for the control group were studied retrospectively. The study time span was from January 1990 to December 2014. The protocol included: sex, age, type of oral discomfort and location, among other factors. Results: Analysis of the association between pathogenic factors and BMS diagnosis revealed that only 3 factors showed a statistically significant association: triggers (P=.003), parafunctional habits (P=.006), and oral hygiene (P=.012). There were neither statistically significant differences in BMS incidence between sex groups (P=.408) nor association of BMS with the pathogenic factors of substance abuse (P=.915), systemic pathology (P=.685), and dietary habits (P=.904). Conclusions: Parafunctional habits like bruxism and abnormal movements of tongue and lips can explain the BMS main symptomatology. Psychological aspects and systemic factors should be always considered. As a multifactorial disorder, the treatment of BMS should be executed in a holistic way.
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It is part of: Medicina Clinica, 2017, vol. 148, num. 4, p. 153-157
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ISSN: 0025-7753
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Odontostomatologia)

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