Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/114191
Title: Predictors of Daily Mobility of Adults in Peri-Urban South India
Author: Sanchez, Margaux
Ambros, Albert
Salmon, Maëlle
Bhogadi, Santi
Wilson, Robin T.
Kinra, Sanjay
Marshall, Julian D.
Tonne, Cathryn
Keywords: Gènere
Sistema de posicionament global
Índia
Gender
Global Positioning System
India
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: MDPI AG
Abstract: Daily mobility, an important aspect of environmental exposures and health behavior, has mainly been investigated in high-income countries. We aimed to identify the main dimensions of mobility and investigate their individual, contextual, and external predictors among men and women living in a peri-urban area of South India. We used 192 global positioning system (GPS)-recorded mobility tracks from 47 participants (24 women, 23 men) from the Cardiovascular Health effects of Air pollution in Telangana, India (CHAI) project (mean: 4.1 days/person). The mean age was 44 (standard deviation: 14) years. Half of the population was illiterate and 55% was in unskilled manual employment, mostly agriculture-related. Sex was the largest determinant of mobility. During daytime, time spent at home averaged 13.4 (3.7) h for women and 9.4 (4.2) h for men. Women's activity spaces were smaller and more circular than men's. A principal component analysis identified three main mobility dimensions related to the size of the activity space, the mobility in/around the residence, and mobility inside the village, explaining 86% (women) and 61% (men) of the total variability in mobility. Age, socioeconomic status, and urbanicity were associated with all three dimensions. Our results have multiple potential applications for improved assessment of environmental exposures and their effects on health.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14070783
It is part of: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2017, vol. 14, num. 7, 16 p.
Related resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14070783
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/114191
ISSN: 1660-4601
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (ISGlobal)

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
sanchez2017_2624.pdf1.06 MBAdobe PDFView/Open


This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons