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Title: ERT and GPR survey of collapsed paleocave systems at the western border of the Potiguar Basin in northeast Brazil
Author: Júnior, J.A.R.
Castro, David Lopes de
Casas i Ponsatí, Albert
Himi, Mahjoub
Lima-Filho, F.P.
Keywords: Prospecció elèctrica
Electric prospecting
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: EAGE
Abstract: Collapsed paleocave systems are carbonate reservoirs with high internal spatial complexity that are the result of several stages of karst processes. Paleocave-related reservoirs can be spread over large areas with significant thicknesses that are favourable for hydrocarbon exploration. Nevertheless, few studies have provided a detailed understanding of the strong lateral heterogeneity of these reservoirs and their complex karst-controlled development using modern karst terrain analogues. To elucidate this issue, the internal architecture of a collapsed paleocave system has been mapped accurately at the western border of the Potiguar Basin in Northeastern Brazil. The collapsed paleocaves outcrop in an escarpment that delimits the carbonate platform from the transgressive phase of the basin. Electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) and ground-penetrating radar (GPR) sections were acquired parallel and perpendicular to a road cut and served to parameterize the geophysical signatures of the collapsed paleocaves and the host rocks. The collapsed paleocaves were mapped by identifying high-resistivity zones and high-amplitude ground-penetrating radar reflectors. In contrast, the host rocks are marked by low to intermediate resistivity and ground-penetrating radar reflections that range from low amplitude to almost transparent. The resistivity data and the ground-penetrating radar attribute of the rootsquare energy enabled the mapping of the complex spatial distribution of the collapsed paleocaves system. At depths of approximately 20 m, the paleocaves are more spread out and eventually become isolated while sometimes being connected vertically through shafts. However, at shallower levels, the paleocaves are interconnected by ducts or coalesce into a system of paleocaves that are hundreds of metres long over an area of 12000 m2. The results of the study show the detailed internal geometry of this paleocave system at a subseismic scale, which enables the identification of the connectivity pattern among these karst features and the porosity and total volume of the reservoir. This system could serve as an outcrop analogue for other collapsed paleocave carbonate reservoirs worldwide.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Near Surface Geophysics, 2015, vol. 13, num. 4, p. 369-381
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ISSN: 1569-4445
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Mineralogia, Petrologia i Geologia Aplicada)

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