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Title: Cross-communication between Gi and Gs in a G-protein-coupled receptor heterotetramer guided by a receptor C-terminal domain
Author: Navarro Brugal, Gemma
Cordomí, Arnau
Brugarolas Campillos, Marc
Moreno Guillén, Estefanía
Aguinaga Andrés, David
Pérez-Benito, Laura
Ferré, Sergi
Cortés Tejedor, Antonio
Casadó, Vicent
Mallol Montero, Josefa
Canela Campos, Enric I.
Lluís i Biset, Carme
Pardo, Leonardo
McCormick, Peter J.
Franco Fernández, Rafael
Keywords: Adenosina
Receptors cel·lulars
Cell receptors
Issue Date: 28-Feb-2018
Publisher: BioMed Central
Abstract: BACKGROUND: G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) heteromeric complexes have distinct properties from homomeric GPCRs, giving rise to new receptor functionalities. Adenosine receptors (A1R or A2AR) can form A1R-A2AR heteromers (A1-A2AHet), and their activation leads to canonical G-protein-dependent (adenylate cyclase mediated) and -independent (β-arrestin mediated) signaling. Adenosine has different affinities for A1R and A2AR, allowing the heteromeric receptor to detect its concentration by integrating the downstream Gi- and Gs-dependent signals. cAMP accumulation and β-arrestin recruitment assays have shown that, within the complex, activation of A2AR impedes signaling via A1R. RESULTS: We examined the mechanism by which A1-A2AHet integrates Gi- and Gs-dependent signals. A1R blockade by A2AR in the A1-A2AHet is not observed in the absence of A2AR activation by agonists, in the absence of the C-terminal domain of A2AR, or in the presence of synthetic peptides that disrupt the heteromer interface of A1-A2AHet, indicating that signaling mediated by A1R and A2AR is controlled by both Gi and Gs proteins. CONCLUSIONS: We identified a new mechanism of signal transduction that implies a cross-communication between Gi and Gs proteins guided by the C-terminal tail of the A2AR. This mechanism provides the molecular basis for the operation of the A1-A2AHet as an adenosine concentration-sensing device that modulates the signals originating at both A1R and A2AR.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Bmc Biology, 2018, vol. 16, num. 1, p. 24
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ISSN: 1741-7007
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Bioquímica i Biomedicina Molecular)

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