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Title: Cocaine Effects on Dopaminergic Transmission Depend on a Balance between Sigma-1 and Sigma-2 Receptor Expression.
Author: Aguinaga Andrés, David
Medrano Moya, Mireia
Vega-Quiroga, Ignacio
Gysling, Katia
Canela Campos, Enric I.
Navarro Brugal, Gemma
Franco Fernández, Rafael
Keywords: Receptors de neurotransmissors
Neurotransmitter receptors
Issue Date: 12-Feb-2018
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Abstract: gma σ1 and σ2 receptors are targets of cocaine. Despite sharing a similar name, the two receptors are structurally unrelated and their physiological role is unknown. Cocaine increases the level of dopamine, a key neurotransmitter in CNS motor control and reward areas. While the drug also affects dopaminergic signaling by allosteric modulations exerted by σ1R interacting with dopamine D1 and D2 receptors, the potential regulation of dopaminergic transmission by σ2R is also unknown. We here demonstrate that σ2R may form heteroreceptor complexes with D1 but not with D2 receptors. Remarkably σ1, σ2, and D1 receptors may form heterotrimers with particular signaling properties. Determination of cAMP levels, MAP kinase activation and label-free assays demonstrate allosteric interactions within the trimer. Importantly, the presence of σ2R induces bias in signal transduction as σ2R ligands increase cAMP signaling whereas reduce MAP kinase activation. These effects, which are opposite to those exerted via σ1R, suggest that the D1 receptor-mediated signaling depends on the degree of trimer formation and the differential balance of sigma receptor and heteroreceptor expression in acute versus chronic cocaine consumption. Although the physiological role is unknown, the heteroreceptor complex formed by σ1, σ2, and D1 receptors arise as relevant to convey the cocaine actions on motor control and reward circuits and as a key factor in acquisition of the addictive habit. KEYWORDS: ERK1/2 phosphorylation; acute; addiction; cAMP; chronic; dopamine D1 and D2 receptors; label-free; signaling
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It is part of: Frontiers In Molecular Neuroscience, 2018, vol. 11, p. 17
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ISSN: 1662-5099
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Bioquímica i Biomedicina Molecular)
Articles publicats en revistes (Bioquímica i Fisiologia)

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