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|Title:||Adenosine deaminase and A1 adenosine receptors internalize together following agonist-induced receptor desensitization|
|Author:||Saura Antolín, Carlos A. (Carlos Alberto)|
Mallol Montero, Josefa
Canela Campos, Enric I.
Lluís i Biset, Carme
Franco Fernández, Rafael
|Publisher:||American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology|
|Abstract:||A1 adenosine receptors (A1Rs) and adenosine deaminase (ADA; EC 220.127.116.11) interact on the cell surface of DDT1MF-2 smooth muscle cells. The interaction facilitates ligand binding and signaling via A1R, but it is not known whether it has a role in homologous desensitization of A1Rs. Here we show that chronic exposure of DDT1MF-2 cells to the A1R agonist,N 6-(R)-(phenylisopropyl)adenosine (R-PIA), caused a rapid aggregation or clustering of A1 receptor molecules on the cell membrane, which was enhanced by pretreatment with ADA. Colocalization between A1R and ADA occurred in the R-PIA-induced clusters. Interestingly, colocalization between A1R and ADA also occurred in intracellular vesicles after internalization of both protein molecules in response to R-PIA. Agonist-induced aggregation of A1Rs was mediated by phosphorylation of A1Rs, which was enhanced and accelerated in the presence of ADA. Ligand-induced second-messenger desensitization of A1Rs was also accelerated in the presence of exogenous ADA, and it correlated well with receptor phosphorylation. However, although phosphorylation of A1R returned to its basal state within minutes, desensitization continued for hours. The loss of cell-surface binding sites (sequestration) induced by the agonist was time-dependent (t½= 10 ± 1 h) and was accelerated by ADA. All of these results strongly suggest that ADA plays a key role in the regulation of A1Rs by accelerating ligand-induced desensitization and internalization and provide evidence that the two cell surface proteins internalize via the same endocytic pathway.|
|Note:||Reproducció del document publicat a: https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.273.28.17610|
|It is part of:||Journal of Biological Chemistry, 1998, vol. 273, num. 28, p. 17610-17617|
|Appears in Collections:||Articles publicats en revistes (Bioquímica i Biomedicina Molecular)|
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