Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/123369
Title: From feudal colonization to agrarian capitalism in Mallorca: Peasant endurance under the rise and fall of large states (1229-1900)
Author: Tello, Enric
Jover i Avellà, Gabriel
Murray, Ivan
Fullana, Onofre
Soto i Company, Ricard, 1954-
Keywords: Colonització
Feudalisme
Economia agrària
Revoltes camperoles
Mallorca (Regne)
Història econòmica
Colonization
Feudalism
Agricultural economics
Peasant uprisings
Majorque (Royaume)
Economic history
Issue Date: Jul-2018
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Abstract: The colonization of Mallorca gave rise to a late-feudal agrarian society that evolved towards capitalism based on large estates owned by noblemen who hired large numbers of wage labourers from among smallholders living in agro-towns, the dispossessed remnants of a formerly wealthier peasantry. These well-off peasants originated from when the colonization frontier was open in the 13th and 14th centuries, but had been defeated when three peasant-plebeian revolts were crushed. Afterwards, Mallorca followed a latifundist transition towards agrarian capitalism similar to southern Italy or Spain, in sharp contrast with the middle-peasant paths seen in Catalonia or Valencia. The land rent rose, while agricultural wages fell from 1659 to 1800. Peasant families could not survive, and had to supplement wages with the products of their own plots. This set a socio-agroecological limit to growth in this agrarian class structure. The agrarian crisis at the end of the 19th century bankrupted the Mallorcan nobility. Bankers bought much of the land and sold it on as small allotments. This expanded the intensive cropping formerly limited to agro-town belts, giving rise to a new 'peasantization'. Despite their subordination, Mallorcan peasants had survived and created complex agroecological landscapes endowed with a rich biocultural heritage.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a: https://doi.org/10.1111/joac.12253
It is part of: Journal of Agrarian Change, 2018, vol. 18, num. 3, p. 483-516
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/123369
Related resource: https://doi.org/10.1111/joac.12253
ISSN: 1471-0358
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Història Econòmica, Institucions, Política i Economia Mundial)

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