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Title: White Matter Microstructure Is Altered In Cognitively Normal Middle-aged Apoe-epsilon 4
Author: Operto, Grégory
Cacciaglia, Raffaele
Grau-Rivera, Oriol
Falcon, Carles
Brugulat Serrat, Anna
Ródenas, Pablo
Ramos, Rubén
Moran, Sebastian
Esteller, Manel
Bargalló Alabart, Núria​
Molinuevo, José Luis
Gispert, Juan Domingo
ALFA Study
Keywords: Imatges per ressonància magnètica
Magnetic resonance imaging
Issue Date: 24-May-2018
Publisher: Biomed Central Ltd
Abstract: Background: The epsilon 4 allele of the apolipoprotein E gene (APOE-epsilon 4) is the stiongest genetic factor for late-onset Alzheimer's disease During middle age, cognitively healthy APOE-epsilon 4 carriers already show several brain alterations that resemble those of Alzheimei's disease (AD), but to a subtler degree. These include microstructural white matter (WM) changes that have been proposed as one of the earliest structural events in the AD cascade. However, previous studies have focused mainly on comparison of APOE-epsilon 4 carriers vs noncarriers. Therefore, the extent and magnitude of the brain alterations in healthy epsilon 4 homozygotes, who are the individuals at highest risk, remain to be chaiacterized in detail. Methods: We examined mean, axial, and radial water diffusivity (MD, AxD, and RD, respectively) and fractional anisotiopy in the WM as measured by diffusion-weighted imaging in 532 cognitively healthy middle-aged participants from the ALFA study (ALzheimer and FAmihes) cohort, a single-site population-based study enriched foi AD risk (68 APOE-epsilon 4 homozygotes, 207 heteiozygotes, and 257 noncarriers). We examined the impact of age and APOE genotype on these parameters using tract-based spatial statistics. Results: Healthy APOE-epsilon 4 homozygotes display increased WM diffusivity in regions known to be affected by AD The effects in AxD were much smaller than in RD, suggesting a disruption of the myelin sheath rather than pure axonal damage. Conclusions: These findings could be interpreted as the result of the reduced capacity of the epsilon 4 isoform of the APOE protein to keep cholesterol homeostasis in the brain. Because cerebral lipid metabolism is strongly related to the pathogenesis of AD, our results shed light on the possible mechanisms through which the APOE-epsilon 4 genotype is associated with an increased risk of AD.
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It is part of: Alzheimers Research & Therapy, 2018, Vol. 10:48
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Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))
Articles publicats en revistes (IDIBAPS: Institut d'investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer)

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