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Title: Gambling and Impulsivity Traits: A Recipe for Criminal Behavior?
Author: Mestre-Bach, Gemma
Steward, Trevor
Granero, Roser
Fernández Aranda, Fernando
Cuquerella, Àngel
Baño, Marta
Moragas, Laura
Del Pino Gutiérrez, Amparo
Aymamí, Maria Neus
Gómez-Peña, Mónica
Mallorquí-Bagué, Núria
Vintró Alcaraz, Cristina
Magaña, Pablo
Menchón Magriñá, José Manuel
Jiménez-Murcia, Susana
Talón Navarro, Maria Teresa
Keywords: Psicopatologia
Conducta criminal
Impulsos (Psicologia)
Pathological psychology
Criminal behavior
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2018
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Abstract: Gambling disorder (GD) is a psychiatric condition that was recently recategorized as a non-substance-related addiction in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Health Disorders. Criminal activity is commonly associated with gambling; however, few empirical studies to date have examined sociodemographic and psychological variables in this population. In this study, we explored criminal behavior history in a sample of consecutively recruited treatment-seeking gamblers (n = 382) and compared subjects with a history of illegal acts (n = 103, 26.9%) to those with no criminal record (n = 279, 73.1%). Impulsivity and personality traits were specifically explored, along with other gambling-related severity factors. We found that gamblers who engaged in illegal activity were more likely to endorse high levels of urgency (i.e., the tendency to act out when experiencing heightened emotional states) and increased lack of premeditation. Gamblers with a history of criminal behavior also had greater GD severity levels and gambling-related debts. Additionally, these gamblers reported lower levels of self-directedness, which is characterized by difficulty in establishing and redirecting behavior toward one's goals. Likewise, gamblers who had conducted criminal acts showed a tendency to engage in greater risk-taking behavior. These results shed new light on this understudied population and provide insights for developing targeted harm-prevention interventions and treatment protocols.
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It is part of: Frontiers In Psychiatry, 2018, vol. 6, num. 6
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ISSN: 1664-0640
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))
Articles publicats en revistes (Infermeria de Salut Pública, Salut mental i Maternoinfantil)

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