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Title: Formation and evolution of back-barrier perched lakes in rocky coasts: an example of a Holocene system in NW Spain
Author: Sáez, Alberto
Carballeira, R.
Pueyo Mur, Juan José
Vázquez-Loureiro, D.
Leira, M.
Hernández Hernández, Armand
Valero Garcés, Blas Lorenzo
Bao Casal, Roberto
Keywords: Holocè
Nivell del mar
Sea level
Stratigraphic geology
Issue Date: Oct-2018
Publisher: International Association of Sedimentologists
Abstract: Coastal back-barrier perched lakes are freshwater bodies that are elevated over sea-level and are not directly subjected to the inflow of sea-water. This study provides a detailed reconstruction of the Doniños back-barrier perched lake that developed at the end of a small river valley in the rocky coast of the northwest Iberian Peninsula during the Holocene transgression. Its sequence stratigraphy was reconstructed based on a core transect across the system, the analyses of its lithofacies and microfossil assemblages, and a high-resolution radiocarbon-based chronology. The Doniños perched lake was formed ca. 4.5 ka BP. The setting of the perched lake was favoured by Late Holocene sea-level stabilization and the formation of a barrier and back-barrier basin, which was contemporaneous with the high systems tract period. This basin developed over marine and lagoonal sediments deposited between 10.2 and 8.0 ka BP, during rapidly rising sea-level characteristic of the transgressive systems track period. At 1.1 ka BP, the barrier was breached and the perched lake was partially emptied, causing the erosion of the back-barrier basin sediments and a significant sedimentary hiatus. Both enhanced storminess and human intervention were likely responsible for this event. After 1 ka BP, the barrier reclosed and the present-day lake was reformed, with the water level reaching as high as 5 m amsl. The depositional evolution of the Doniños system serves as a model of coastal back-barrier perched lakes in coastal clastic systems that have developed over gently seaward-dipping rugged substrates at small distances from the shoreline and under conditions of rising sea-level and high sediment supply. A review of estuaries, back-barrier lagoons, pocket beaches and back-barrier perched lakes in the rocky coast of the northwest Spain shows that the elevation of the bedrock is the main factor controlling the origin and evolution of these systems.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Sedimentology, 2018, vol. 65, num. 6, p. 1891-1917
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ISSN: 0037-0746
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Mineralogia, Petrologia i Geologia Aplicada)
Articles publicats en revistes (Dinàmica de la Terra i l'Oceà)

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