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Title: Telling true from false: cannabis users show increased susceptibility to false memories
Author: Riba, Jordi
Valle, Marta
Sampedro, Frederic
Rodriguez Pujadas, Aina
Martínez Horta, Saúl
Kulisevsky, Jaime
Rodríguez Fornells, Antoni
Keywords: Cànnabis
Neurociència cognitiva
Trastorns de la memòria
Cognitive neuroscience
Memory disorders
Issue Date: 31-Mar-2015
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Abstract: Previous studies on the neurocognitive impact of cannabis use have found working and declarative memory deficits that tend to normalize with abstinence. An unexplored aspect of cognitive function in chronic cannabis users is the ability to distinguish between veridical and illusory memories, a crucial aspect of reality monitoring that relies on adequate memory function and cognitive control. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, we show that abstinent cannabis users have an increased susceptibility to false memories, failing to identify lure stimuli as events that never occurred. In addition to impaired performance, cannabis users display reduced activation in areas associated with memory processing within the lateral and medial temporal lobe (MTL), and in parietal and frontal brain regions involved in attention and performance monitoring. Furthermore, cannabis consumption was inversely correlated with MTL activity, suggesting that the drug is especially detrimental to the episodic aspects of memory. These findings indicate that cannabis users have an increased susceptibility to memory distortions even when abstinent and drug-free, suggesting a long-lasting compromise of memory and cognitive control mechanisms involved in reality monitoring.
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It is part of: Molecular Psychiatry, 2015, vol. 20, p. 772-777
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ISSN: 1359-4184
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Cognició, Desenvolupament i Psicologia de l'Educació)
Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))

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