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Title: Emotion regulation in disordered eating: psychometric properties of the difficulties in emotion regulation scale among Spanish adults and its interrelations with personality and clinical severity
Author: Wolz, Ines
Agüera, Zaida
Granero, Roser
Jiménez-Murcia, Susana
Gratz, Kim L.
Menchón Magriñá, José Manuel
Fernández Aranda, Fernando
Keywords: Trastorns de la conducta alimentària
Vulnerabilitat (Tret de la personalitat)
Anàlisi de conducta
Eating disorders
Vulnerability (Personality trait)
Pathological psychology
Behavioral assessment
Issue Date: 30-Jun-2015
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Abstract: Objective: the aims of the study were to (1) validate the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS) in a sample of Spanish adults with and without eating disorders, and (2) explore the role of emotion regulation difficulties in eating disorders (ED), including its mediating role in the relation between key personality traits and ED severity. Methods: one hundred and thirty four patients (121 female, mean age = 29 years) with anorexia nervosa (n = 30), bulimia nervosa (n = 54), binge eating (n = 20), or Other Specified Feeding or Eating Disorders (n = 30) and 74 healthy control participants (51 female, mean age = 21 years) reported on general psychopathology, ED severity, personality traits and difficulties in emotion regulation. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted to examine the psychometrics of the DERS in this Spanish sample (Aim 1). Additionally, to examine the role of emotion regulation difficulties in ED (Aim 2), differences in emotion regulation difficulties across eating disorder subgroups were examined and structural equation modeling was used to explore the interrelations among emotion regulation, personality traits, and eating disorder severity. Results: results support the validity and reliability of the DERS within this Spanish adult sample and suggest that this measure has a similar factor structure in this sample as in the original sample. Moreover, emotion regulation difficulties were found to differ as a function of eating disorder subtype and to mediate the relation between two specific personality traits (i.e., high harm avoidance and low self-directedness) and ED severity. Conclusions: personality traits of high harm avoidance and low self-directedness may increase vulnerability to ED pathology indirectly, through emotion regulation difficulties.
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It is part of: Frontiers in Psychology, 2015, vol. 6, p. 907
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ISSN: 1664-1078
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Infermeria de Salut Pública, Salut mental i Maternoinfantil)
Articles publicats en revistes (Ciències Clíniques)
Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))

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