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Title: Functional characterization of twelve natural PROS1 mutations associated with anticoagulant protein S deficiency
Author: Hurtado, Begoña
Muñoz Miralles, Xavier
Mulero Roig, María Carmen
Navarro, Gemma
Domènech, Pere
García de Frutos, Pablo
Pérez Riba, Mercè
Sala Serra, Núria
Keywords: Micro RNAs
Issue Date: Apr-2008
Publisher: Ferrata Storti Foundation
Abstract: Background: The molecular mechanisms by which PROS1 mutations result in protein S deficiency are still unknown for many of the mutations, particularly for those that result in a premature termination codon. The aim of this study was to analyze the functional relevance on mRNA and protein expression of 12 natural PROS1 mutations associated with protein S deficiency. Design and Methods: Five mutations were nonsense, three were small frameshift deletions, one was c.258,259AG>GT at the 3' end of exon 3, one was p.M640T and the last two were c.-7C>G and p.L15H, found in double heterozygosis as [c.-7C>G;44T>A].The apparently neutral variant p.R233K was also analyzed. PROS1 cDNA was assessed by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction of platelet mRNA. Expression of mutant proteins was determined by site-directed mutagenesis and analyses of transiently transfected PROS1 mutants in COS-7 cells. Results: Only cDNA from the normal allele was observed from the five nonsense mutations, the frameshift deletion c.1731delT and from c.258,259AG>GT. Both the normal and the mutated alleles were observed from [c.-7C>G;44T>Aj, c.187,188delTG and p.M640T Transient expression analyses of PROS1 mutants whose mRNA was normally expressed revealed greatly reduced secretion of p.L15H and c.1272delA, mild secretion values of p.M640T and normal secretion levels of c.7C>G and, as expected, p.R233K. Conclusions: Whereas the main cause of quantitative protein S deficiency associated with missense mutations is defective synthesis, stability or secretion of the mutated protein, the main mechanism for the deficiency associated with mutations that generate a premature termination codon is not the synthesis of a truncated protein, but the exclusion of the mutated allele, probably by nonsense-mediated mRNA decay.
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It is part of: Haematologica, 2008, vol. 93, num. 4, p. 574-580
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Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))
Articles publicats en revistes (IDIBAPS: Institut d'investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer)

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