Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Do information and communication technologies (ICT) improve educational outcomes? Evidence for Spain in PISA 2015
Author: Gómez-Fernández, Nerea
Mediavilla, Mauro
Keywords: Tecnologia de la informació
Avaluació formativa
Information technology
Formative evaluation
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Institut d’Economia de Barcelona
Series/Report no: [WP E-IEB18/20]
Abstract: With the world becoming increasingly digitalized, determining the relationship between the use of ICT in the learning process and educational outcomes takes on special relevance for guiding educational policy decisions in a reasoned way. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect on academic performance of the use and availability of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) at school and at home. For this purpose, we apply a hierarchical lineal regression model approach with data from the Programme for International Student assessment survey (PISA) 2015. PISA 2015 contains a brief but specific questionnaire for ICT that is completed voluntarily in some of the countries participating in the survey, as is the case in Spain. The results show differences in the sign of the impact according to the ICT variable used. The positive impact of ICT use is associated with its use for entertainment at home and with the students’ interest in ICT. However, the use of ICT for schoolwork at home and the general use of ICT by students in schools have negative effects on the learning process. Another significant result is the magnitude of the coefficient for the relation between the starting age for using ICT on the scores in the three competences. The higher the age, the lower the score achieved. The results of the regressions by tertiles of performance show that ICT can also play an important role in improving the academic performance of the students with the worst results. Finally, some control variables related to students, home and location are also relevant in our models.
Programme for International Student Assessment
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: IEB Working Paper 2018/20
Appears in Collections:IEB (Institut d’Economia de Barcelona) – Working Papers

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
IEB18-20_Gomez+Mediavilla.pdf1.73 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons