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Title: Herbivores, saprovores and natural enemies respond differently to within-field plant characteristics of wheat fields
Author: Caballero López, Berta
Blanco Moreno, José Manuel
Pujade, Juli, 1960-
Ventura, D.
Sánchez-Espigares, J. A.
Sans, Xavier (Sans i Serra)
Keywords: Blat
Plagues agrícoles
Agricultural pests
Issue Date: Jun-2016
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Abstract: Understanding ecosystem functioning in a farmland context by considering the variety of ecological strategies employed by arthropods is a core challenge in ecology and conservation science. We adopted a functional approach in an assessment of the relationship between three functional plant groups (grasses, broad-leaves and legumes) and the arthropod community in winter wheat fields in a Mediterranean dryland context. We sampled the arthropod community as thoroughly as possible with a combination of suction catching and flight-interception trapping. All specimens were identified to the appropriate taxonomic level (family, genus or species) and classified according to their form of feeding: chewing-herbivores, sucking-herbivores, flower-consumers, omnivores, saprovores, parasitoids or predators. We found, a richer plant community favoured a greater diversity of herbivores and, in turn, a richness of herbivores and saprovores enhanced the communities of their natural enemies, which supports the classical trophic structure hypothesis. Grass cover had a positive effect on sucking-herbivores, saprovores and their natural enemies and is probably due to grasses' ability provide, either directly or indirectly, alternative resources or simply by offering better environmental conditions. By including legumes in agroecosystems we can improve the conservation of beneficial arthropods like predators or parasitoids, and enhance the provision of ecosystem services such as natural pest control.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Journal of Insect Conservation, 2016, vol. 20, num. 3, p. 467-476
Related resource:
ISSN: 1366-638X
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Biologia Evolutiva, Ecologia i Ciències Ambientals)

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