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Title: New approaches targeting brown adipose tissue transplantation as a therapy in obesity
Author: Soler Vázquez, M. Carmen
Mera Nanín, Paula
Zagmutt Caroxa, Sebastián
Serra i Cucurull, Dolors
Herrero Rodríguez, Laura
Keywords: Teixit adipós
Trasplantament d'òrgans
Trastorns del metabolisme
Adipose tissues
Transplantation of organs
Disorders of metabolism
Issue Date: 19-Jul-2018
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Abstract: Brown adipose tissue (BAT) is raising high expectations as a potential target in the fight against metabolic disorders such as obesity and type 2 diabetes. BAT utilizes fuels such as fatty acids to maintain body temperature by uncoupling mitochondrial electron transport to produce heat instead of ATP. This process is called thermogenesis. BAT was considered to be exclusive to rodents and human neonates. However, in the last decade several studies have demonstrated that BAT is not only present but also active in adult humans and that its activity is reduced in several pathological conditions, such as aging, obesity, and diabetes. Thus, tremendous efforts are being made by the scientific community to enhance either BAT mass or activity. Several activators of thermogenesis have been described, such as natriuretic peptides, bone morphogenic proteins, or fibroblast growth factor 21. Furthermore, recent studies have tested a therapeutic approach to directly increase BAT mass by the implantation of either adipocytes or fat tissue. This approach might have an important future in regenerative medicine and in the fight against metabolic disorders. Here, we review the emerging field of BAT transplantation including the various sources of mesenchymal stem cell isolation in rodents and humans and the described metabolic outcomes of adipocyte cell transplantation and BAT transplantation in obesity. KEYWORDS: Brown adipose tissue; Obesity; Transplantation
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Biochemical Pharmacology, 2018, vol. 155, p. 346-355
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ISSN: 0006-2952
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Bioquímica i Fisiologia)
Articles publicats en revistes (Institut de Biomedicina (IBUB))

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