Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/127980
Title: Food addiction in gambling disorder: frequency and clinical outcomes
Author: Jiménez-Murcia, Susana
Granero, Roser
Wolz, Ines
Baño, Marta
Mestre-Bach, Gemma
Steward, Trevor
Agüera, Zaida
Hinney, Anke
Dieguez, Carlos
Casanueva, Felipe F.
Gearhardt, Ashley N.
Hakänsson, Anders
Menchón Magriñá, José Manuel
Fernández Aranda, Fernando
Keywords: Comorbiditat
Trastorns de la conducta alimentària
Joc compulsiu
Jocs d'atzar
Comorbidity
Eating disorders
Compulsive gambling
Gambling
Issue Date: 4-Apr-2017
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Abstract: Background: the food addiction (FA) model is receiving increasing interest from the scientific community. Available empirical evidence suggests that this condition may play an important role in the development and course of physical and mental health conditions such as obesity, eating disorders, and other addictive behaviors. However, no epidemiological data exist on the comorbidity of FA and gambling disorder (GD), or on the phenotype for the co-occurrence of GD+FA. Objectives: to determine the frequency of the comorbid condition GD+FA, to assess whether this comorbidity features a unique clinical profile compared to GD without FA, and to generate predictive models for the presence of FA in a GD sample. Method: data correspond to N = 458 treatment-seeking patients who met criteria for GD in a hospital unit specialized in behavioral addictions.Results: Point prevalence for FA diagnosis was 9.2%. A higher ratio of FA was found in women (30.5%) compared to men (6.0%). Lower FA prevalence was associated with older age. Patients with high FA scores were characterized by worse psychological state, and the risk of a FA diagnosis was increased in patients with high scores in the personality traits harm avoidance and self-transcendence, and low scores in cooperativeness (R-2 = 0.18). Conclusion: the co-occurrence of FA in treatment-seeking GD patients is related to poorer emotional and psychological states. GD treatment interventions and related behavioral addictions should consider potential associations with problematic eating behavior and aim to include techniques that aid patients in better managing this behavior.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00473
It is part of: Frontiers in Psychology, 2017, vol. 8, p. 473
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/127980
Related resource: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00473
ISSN: 1664-1078
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Infermeria de Salut Pública, Salut mental i Maternoinfantil)
Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))
Articles publicats en revistes (Ciències Clíniques)

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