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Title: Complexes of adamantane-based group 13 Lewis acids and superacids: Bonding analysis and thermodynamics of hydrogen splitting
Author: El Hamdi, Majid
Solà, Miquel
Poater i Teixidor, Jordi
Timoshkin, Alexey Y.
Keywords: Àcids de Lewis
Estructura electrònica
Compostos complexos
Enllaços químics
Lewis acids
Electronic structure
Complex compounds
Chemical bonds
Issue Date: 5-Jun-2016
Publisher: Wiley
Abstract: The electronic structure and chemical bonding in donor-acceptor complexes formed by group 13 element adamantane and perfluorinated adamantane derivatives EC9R15 (E=B, Al; R=H, F) with Lewis bases XR3 and XC9H15 (X=N, P; R= H, CH3) have been studied using energy decomposition analysis at the BP86/TZ2P level of theory. Larger stability of complexes with perfluorinated adamantane derivatives is mainly due to better electrostatic and orbital interactions. Deformation energies of the fragments and Pauli repulsion are of less importance, with exception for the boron-phosphorus complexes. The MO analysis reveals that LUMO energies of EC9R15 significantly decrease upon fluorination (by 4.7 and 3.6 eV for E=B and Al, respectively) which results in an increase of orbital interaction energies by 27-38 (B) and 15-26 (Al) kcal mol(-1). HOMO energies of XR3 increase in order PH3<NH3<PMe3<PC9H15<NMe3<NC9H15. For the studied complexes, there is a linear correlation between the dissociation energy of the complex and the energy difference between HOMO of the donor and LUMO of the acceptor. The fluorination of the Lewis acid significantly reduces standard enthalpies of the heterolytic hydrogen splitting H-2+D+A=[HD](+)+[HA](-). Analysis of several types of the [HD](+)center dot center dot center dot[HA](-) ion pair formation in the gas phase reveals that structures with additional H center dot center dot center dot F interactions are energetically favorable. Taking into account the ion pair formation, hydrogen splitting is predicted to be highly exothermic in case of the perfluorinated derivatives both in the gas phase and in solution. Thus, fluorinated adamantane-based Lewis superacids are attractive synthetic targets for the construction of the donor-acceptor cryptands.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Journal of Computational Chemistry, 2016, vol. 37, num. 15, p. 1355-1362
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ISSN: 0192-8651
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Química Inorgànica i Orgànica)

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