Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/12883
Title: Genome sequence of the pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum
Author: Rozas Liras, Julio A.
Vieira, Filipe G.
International Aphid Genomics Consortium
Keywords: Sequència genòmica
Afídids
Genome Sequence
Aphids
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: PLoS
Abstract: Aphids are important agricultural pests and also biological models for studies of insect-plant interactions, symbiosis, virus vectoring, and the developmental causes of extreme phenotypic plasticity. Here we present the 464 Mb draft genome assembly of the pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum. This first published whole genome sequence of a basal hemimetabolous insect provides an outgroup to the multiple published genomes of holometabolous insects. Pea aphids are host-plant specialists, they can reproduce both sexually and asexually, and they have coevolved with an obligate bacterial symbiont. Here we highlight findings from whole genome analysis that may be related to these unusual biological features. These findings include discovery of extensive gene duplication in more than 2000 gene families as well as loss of evolutionarily conserved genes. Gene family expansions relative to other published genomes include genes involved in chromatin modification, miRNA synthesis, and sugar transport. Gene losses include genes central to the IMD immune pathway, selenoprotein utilization, purine salvage, and the entire urea cycle. The pea aphid genome reveals that only a limited number of genes have been acquired from bacteria; thus the reduced gene count of Buchnera does not reflect gene transfer to the host genome. The inventory of metabolic genes in the pea aphid genome suggests that there is extensive metabolite exchange between the aphid and Buchnera, including sharing of amino acid biosynthesis between the aphid and Buchnera. The pea aphid genome provides a foundation for post-genomic studies of fundamental biological questions and applied agricultural problems.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1000313
It is part of: PLoS Biol, 2010, vol. 8, núm. 2, e1000313
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/12883
ISSN: 1544-9173
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Genètica, Microbiologia i Estadística)

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