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Title: Amputation risk factors in severely frostbitten patients
Author: Carceller, Anna
Javierre Garcés, Casimiro F.
Ríos Alcolea, Martín
Viscor Carrasco, Ginés
Keywords: Amputació
Factors de risc en les malalties
Congelació (Patologia)
Risk factors in diseases
Issue Date: 15-Apr-2019
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: In recent years, the incidence of frostbite has increased among healthy young adults who practice winter sports (skiing, mountaineering, ice climbing and technical climbing/alpinism) at both the professional and amateur levels. Moreover, given that the population most frequently affected is healthy and active, frostbite supposes a substantial interruption of their normal activity and in most cases is associated with long-term sequelae. It particularly has a higher impact when the affected person's daily activities require exposure to cold environments, as either sports practices or work activities in which low temperatures are a constant (ski patrols, mountain guides, avalanche forecasters, workers in the cold chain, etc.). Clinical experience with humans shows a limited reversibility of injuries via potential tissue regeneration, which can be fostered with optimal medical management. Data were collected from 92 frostbitten patients in order to evaluate factors that represent a risk of amputation after severe frostbite. Mountain range, years of expertise in winter mountaineering, time elapsed before rewarming and especially altitude were the most important factors for a poor prognosis.
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It is part of: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2019, vol. 16, num. 8, p. e1351
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ISSN: 1661-7827
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Biologia Cel·lular, Fisiologia i Immunologia)

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