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Title: Biomarker of food intake for assessing the consumption of dairy and egg products
Author: Münger, Linda H.
Garcia Aloy, Mar
Vázquez Fresno, Rosa
Guille, Doreen
Rosana, Albert Remus R.
Passerini, Anna
Soria Florido, María Trinidad
Pimentel, Grégory
Sajed, Tanvir
Wishart, David S.
Andrés Lacueva, Ma. Cristina
Vergères, Guy
Praticò, Giulia
Keywords: Marcadors bioquímics
Productes lactis
Biochemical markers
Dairy products
Issue Date: 29-Sep-2018
Publisher: BioMed Central
Abstract: Foods of animal origin constitute one of the predominant food groups consumed in Western diets. They play an essential role in human nutrition as they represent an excellent source of high quality proteins, vitamins, minerals and fats. Foods of animal origin are highly diverse (e.g. meat, fish, dairy products and eggs) and their associations with a range of nutritional and health outcomes are therefore heterogeneous. Such associations are also often weak or debated due to the difficulty in establishing correct assessments of dietary intake. Therefore, in order to better characterize associations between the consumption of specific foods of animal origin and health outcomes, it is important to identify reliable biomarkers of food intake (BFIs). BFIs provide a more accurate measure of intake and are independent of the memory and sincerity of the subjects as well as of their knowledge about the consumed foods. To date, only a very limited number of compounds have been proposed as biomarkers of the intake of foods of animal origin and further studies are necessary to validate them and to discover new candidate BFIs. We have, therefore, conducted a systematic search of the scientific literature to evaluate the current status of potential BFIs for each category of foods of animal origin commonly consumed in Europe. This review reports on candidate biomarkers for dairy products and eggs intake, while biomarkers for fish and meat intake will be published separately. Remarkably, validated BFIs for dairy products and eggs are not available. A series of challenges hinders their identification and validation, in particular the heterogeneous composition of each food within a product category and the lack of specificity of the markers identified so far. Untargeted metabolomic strategies may allow the identification of novel food biomarkers, that, when taken separately or in combination, could be used to assess the intake of dairy products and eggs.
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It is part of: Genes & Nutrition, 2018, vol. 13, p. 26
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ISSN: 1555-8932
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Nutrició, Ciències de l'Alimentació i Gastronomia)

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