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|Title:||Ab initio Calculation of the np→dγ Radiative Capture Process|
|Author:||Beane, Silas R.|
Parreño García, Assumpta
Savage, Martin J.
Tiburzi, Brian C.
|Keywords:||Física de partícules|
|Publisher:||American Physical Society|
|Abstract:||Lattice QCD calculations of two-nucleon systems are used to isolate the short-distance two-body electromagnetic contributions to the radiative capture process n p → d γ , and the photo-disintegration processes γ ( * ) d → n p . In nuclear potential models, such contributions are described by phenomenological meson-exchange currents, while in the present work, they are determined directly from the quark and gluon interactions of QCD. Calculations of neutron-proton energy levels in multiple background magnetic fields are performed at two values of the quark masses, corresponding to pion masses of m π ∼ 450 and 806 MeV, and are combined with pionless nuclear effective field theory to determine the amplitudes for these low-energy inelastic processes. At m π ∼ 806 MeV , using only lattice QCD inputs, a cross section σ 806 MeV ∼ 17 mb is found at an incident neutron speed of v = 2 , 200 m / s . Extrapolating the short-distance contribution to the physical pion mass and combining the result with phenomenological scattering information and one-body couplings, a cross section of σ lqcd ( n p → d γ ) = 334.9 ( + 5.2 − 5.4 ) mb is obtained at the same incident neutron speed, consistent with the experimental value of σ expt ( n p → d γ ) = 334.2 ( 0.5 ) mb .|
|Note:||Reproducció del document publicat a: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.115.132001|
|It is part of:||Physical Review Letters, 2015, vol. 115, num. 13, p. 132001|
|Appears in Collections:||Articles publicats en revistes (Física Quàntica i Astrofísica)|
Articles publicats en revistes (Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB))
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