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Title: Chronic thyroiditis in patients with advanced breast carcinoma: metabolic and morphologic changes on PET-CT
Author: Tateishi, Ukihide
Gámez, Cristina
Dawood, Shaheenah
Yeung, Henry W. D.
Cristofanilli, Massimo
Macapinlac, Homer A.
Inoue, Tomio
Keywords: Càncer de mama
Complicacions (Medicina)
Malalties de la tiroide
Trastorns del metabolisme
Morfologia (Biologia)
Breast cancer
Complications (Medicine)
Thyroid diseases
Disorders of metabolism
Morphology (Biology)
Issue Date: Jun-2009
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Abstract: Purpose: to investigate clinical implications of FDG uptake in the thyroid glands in patients with advanced breast carcinoma by comparing metabolic and morphologic patterns on positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT). Methods: the institutional review board waived the requirement for informed consent. A retrospective analysis was performed in 146 women (mean age 54 years) with advanced breast carcinoma who received systemic treatment. All patients underwent PET-CT before and after treatment. All PET-CT studies were reviewed in consensus by two reviewers. Morphologic changes including volume and mean parenchymal density of the thyroid glands were evaluated. Maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) were determined to evaluate metabolic changes. These parameters were compared between patients with chronic thyroiditis who received thyroid hormone replacement therapy and those who did not. Results: of the 146 patients, 29 (20%) showed bilaterally diffuse uptake in the thyroid glands on the baseline PET-CT scan. The SUVmax showed a linear relationship with volume (r = 0.428, p = 0.021) and the mean parenchymal density (r = -0.385, p = 0.039) of the thyroid glands. In 21 of the 29 patients (72%) with hypothyroidism who received thyroid hormone replacement therapy, the volume, mean parenchymal density, SUVmax, and TLG of the thyroid glands showed no significant changes. In contrast, 8 of the 29 patients (28%) who did not receive thyroid hormone replacement therapy showed marked decreases in SUVmax and TLG. Conclusion: diffuse thyroid uptake on PET-CT represents active inflammation caused by chronic thyroiditis in patients with advanced breast carcinoma. Diffuse thyroid uptake may also address the concern about subclinical hypothyroidism which develops into overt disease during follow-up.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, 2009, vol. 36, num. 6, p. 894-902
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ISSN: 1619-7070
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Ciències Clíniques)

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