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Title: The high-quality genome sequence of the oceanic island endemic species Drosophila guanche reveals signals of adaptive evolution in genes related to flight and genome stability
Author: Puerma Rodríguez, Eva María
Orengo Ferriz, Dorcas J.
Cruz, Fernando
Gómez-Garrido, Jèssica
Librado Sanz, Pablo
Salguero Bernal, David
Papaceit Vidal, Montserrat
Gut, Marta
Segarra Robert, Carmen
Alioto, Tyler
Aguadé Porres, Montserrat
Keywords: Drosòfila
Issue Date: 27-Jun-2018
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract: <i>Drosophila guanche</i> is a member of the obscura group that originated in the Canary Islands archipelago upon its colonization by <i>D. subobscura</i>. It evolved into a new species in the laurisilva, a laurel forest present in wet regions that in the islands have only minor long-term weather fluctuations. Oceanic island endemic species such as D. guanche can become model species to investigate not only the relative role of drift and adaptation in speciation processes but also how population size affects nucleotide variation. Moreover, the previous identification of two satellite DNAs in <i>D. guanche</i> makes this species attractive for studying how centromeric DNA evolves. As a prerequisite for its establishment as a model species suitable to address all these questions, we generated a high-quality <i>D. guanche</i> genome sequence composed of 42 cytologically mapped scaffolds, which are assembled into six super-scaffolds (one per chromosome). The comparative analysis of the <i>D. guanche</i> proteome with that of twelve other Drosophila species identified 151 genes that were subject to adaptive evolution in the <i>D. guanche</i> lineage, with a subset of them being involved in flight and genome stability. For example, the Centromere Identifier (CID) protein, directly interacting with centromeric satellite DNA, shows signals of adaptation in this species. Both genomic analyses and FISH of the two satellites would support an ongoing replacement of centromeric satellite DNA in D. guanche.
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It is part of: Genome Biology and Evolution, 2018, vol. 10, num. 8, p. 1956-1969
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ISSN: 1759-6653
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut de Recerca de la Biodiversitat (IRBio))
Articles publicats en revistes (Genètica, Microbiologia i Estadística)

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