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Title: Do pensions foster education? An empirical perspective
Author: Michailidis, Gianko
Patxot, Concepció
Solé Juvés, Meritxell
Keywords: Finances públiques
Envelliment de la població
Public finance
Population aging
Issue Date: Mar-2019
Publisher: Taylor and Francis
Abstract: The paper examines the effect of population ageing on public education spending. On the one hand, ageing is expected to have a negative effect on education, as an increasing number of retirees results in 'intergenerational conflict' and, hence, the condemnation of education expenditure. On the other hand, ageing, in combination with pay-as-you-go pension systems, offers incentives for the working-age generation to invest in the public education of the young in order to 'reap' the benefits (that is, higher income tax/contributions) of their greater future productivity. Empirical evidence derived from the application of a fixed effects approach to panel data for OECD countries shows that the increasing share of elderly people has a non-linear effect on education spending. This indicates a certain degree of intergenerational conflict. Nevertheless, we find that future population ageing, which reinforces the mechanism linking public education and pensions, reflects positively on education expenditure. Furthermore, by disaggregating total education expenditure by educational levels, we observe that this effect is led by levels of non-compulsory education, probably as a reflection of the direct connection to labor productivity.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Applied Economics, 2019, vol. 51, num. 38, p. 4127-4150
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ISSN: 0003-6846
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Economia)

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