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Title: The timing of immunomodulation induced by mesenchymal stromal cells determines the outcome of the graft in experimental renal allotransplantation
Author: Merino, Ana
Ripoll Llagostera, Èlia
Ramon, Laura de
Bolaños, Núria
Gomà, Montse
Bestard Matamoros, Oriol
Lloberas Blanch, Núria
Grinyó Boira, Josep M.
Torras Ambròs, Joan
Keywords: Immunoregulació
Trasplantament renal
Cèl·lules mare
Kidney transplantation
Stem cells
Issue Date: 9-Jun-2017
Publisher: Cognizant Communication Corporation
Abstract: The immunomodulatory characteristics of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) may lead to multifaceted strategies in rejection of organ transplantation. This study was designed to investigate, first, the effect of the donortype MSCs from Wistar rats on the immune system of immunocompetent Lewis rats and, second, the rejection responses in a renal transplantation model of Wistar to Lewis. In the first experimental model, MSCs from the bone marrow induced a systemic immune response in the immunocompetent Lewis rats, characterized by two different phases. In the initial phase (days 1-3 after MSCs infusion), the main findings were a decrease in the percentage of the main peripheral blood (PB) lymphocyte subpopulations [T cells, B cells, and natural killer (NK) cells], an increase in the FOXP3 MFI in Tregs, and an elevated concentration of circulating proinflammatory cytokines (IL-1 beta and TNF-alpha). In the late phase (days 4-6), the percentage of T cells, B cells, and NK cells returned to baseline levels; the concentration of circulating IL-1b and TNF-a decreased; and the level of anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL-10 and IL-4) increased with respect to the initial phase. In the allogeneic kidney transplantation model, rats were randomized into four groups: nontreated, cyclosporine oral administration, and two groups of rats treated with two different schedules of MSC infusion: 4 days (MSCs-4) and 7 days (MSCs-7) before kidney transplantation and in both a further infusion at the day of transplantation. Both MSC treatments decreased the percentage of T, B, and NK cells in PB. Creatinine levels, survival, and histological parameters were better in MSCs-7 than in MSCs-4. We can conclude that MSCs, by themselves, produce changes in the immune system; they do not need a pathological condition to produce immunomodulatory responses. In the renal allograft model, the optimal time schedule for MSC infusion before grafting was 7 days to prevent acute rejection.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Cell Transplantation, 2017, vol. 26, num. 6, p. 1017-1030
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ISSN: 0963-6897
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))
Articles publicats en revistes (Ciències Clíniques)

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