Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/135198
Title: Unemployment expectations: A socio-demographic analysis of the effect of news
Author: Soric, Petar
Lolic, Ivana
Clavería González, Óscar
Monte Moreno, Enric
Torra Porras, Salvador
Keywords: Política d'ocupació
Estadística demogràfica
Satisfacció del consumidor
Previsió econòmica
Genètica
Manpower policy
Vital statistics
Consumer satisfaction
Economic forecasting
Genetics
Issue Date: Oct-2019
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Abstract: In this study, we evaluate the effect of news on consumer unemployment expectations for sixteen socio-demographic groups. To this end, we construct an unemployment sentiment indicator and extract news about several economic variables. By means of genetic programming we estimate symbolic regressions that link unemployment rates in the Euro Area to qualitative expectations about a wide range of economic variables. We then use the evolved expressions to compute unemployment expectations for each consumer group. We first assess the out-of-sample forecast accuracy of the evolved indicators, obtaining better forecasts for the leading unemployment sentiment indicator than for the coincident one. Results are similar across the different socio-demographic groups. The best forecast results are obtained for respondents between 30 and 49 years. The group where we observe the bigger differences among categories is the occupation, where the lowest forecast errors are obtained for the unemployed respondents. Next, we link news about inflation, industrial production, and stock markets to unemployment expectations. With this aim we match positive and negative news with consumers' unemployment sentiment using a distributed lag regression model for each news item. We find asymmetries in the responses of consumers' unemployment expectations to economic news: they tend to be stronger in the case of negative news, especially in the case of inflation.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.labeco.2019.06.002
It is part of: Labour Economics, 2019, vol. 60, num. October, p. 64-74
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/135198
Related resource: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.labeco.2019.06.002
ISSN: 0927-5371
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Econometria, Estadística i Economia Aplicada)

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
690392.pdf789.16 kBAdobe PDFView/Open    Request a copy


Embargat   Document embargat fins el 31-12-2022


This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons