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Title: Probing CO Adsorption on fcc Metals
Other Titles: Adsorció de CO en Metalls fcc
Author: Pelegero Alonso, Lorena
Director/Tutor: Viñes Solana, Francesc
Keywords: Metalls de transició
Teoria del funcional de densitat
Monòxid de carboni
Treballs de fi de grau
Transition metals
Density functionals
Carbon monoxide
Bachelor's theses
Issue Date: Jun-2019
Abstract: The computational study on CO adsorption on coinage (Cu, Ni, Ag, Au) and Pt group (Pt, Pd, Ir, Rh) metal surfaces is interesting due to their application in catalysis where CO can be a reagent intermediate, product, as well as a poison, or used as probe molecule to charactize the metal surfaces transformation reactions. All these metals show a cube-shaped crystalline structure centered on the faces (fcc) where the most stable surfaces belong to the lowest Miller index — (100), (110), (111). We studied the CO stability on the different metal surfaces, so as to determine which position and conformation is the most stable, including upright and flat conformations, and different surface sites, with the aim of analysing the bond. The study, carried out using Density Functional Theory (DFT) on slab models for the surfaces, and using the Perdew-Burke-Emezrhof (PBE) exchange-correlaction functional reveals the strong position to adsorb CO, C-connected, in an upright position, although different sites can be occupied. The stronger the bond, the close the CO to the surface, and the longer the CO bond elongates. Apparently, the adsorption is influential by the surface coordination number and surface energy. Accordingly, the surface bond measures the CO bond, reducing its 𝜈(CO) stretching frequency whose values is quite connected to the surface connectivity, being Top>Bridge>Hollow. The different occupancy may help distinguishing different types of CO, oven surfaces. The strong nobility of Ag and Au, and the poisoning by CO of Pt group metals is also understood base on the computed adsorption energies
Note: Treballs Finals de Grau de Química, Facultat de Química, Universitat de Barcelona, Any: 2019, Tutor: Francesc Viñes Solana
Appears in Collections:Treballs Finals de Grau (TFG) - Química

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